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Maydan Nezalezhnosti

Maidan Nezalezhnosti
Operation: year round
Location: Maydan Nezalezhnosti, Kyiv
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Maydan Nezalezhnosti or Independence Square is a heart of Kiev, geographically and symbolically. The Orange Revolution events of 2004 have rendered international notoriety to it. Events of 2013 are also unfolding here. Being the main square of Ukraine, it is a place of the country events manifestation, be it either a celebration or a protest.
The square has appeared on this spot in the middle of the 19th century and was named Khreschatyskaya Square after the street of the same name. It was a market square and a ground for folk entertainment. Before then the square was a part of Pechersk fortification dwellings, including the Pechersk Gates. A monument for these gates stands on the square nowadays. Supposedly, in the 11th century there were other gates either on the current square location or in the vicinity. Built in Yaroslav the Wise time, these were the Lyadsky Gates, which Batu Khan Horde has burst through into the city in 1240.
Besides the gates, we should mention a residence of the famous Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko in this area in 1859. Around this time the first fountain has appeared on the square but it was poorly mounted, residents of Kiev did not like it and used it as a drinking bowl for horses.
The square started gaining more importance during the Russian Empire, there have appeared administrative buildings and it has been renamed for Dumskaya Square or Parliamentary Square. After several fountain constructions, which appeared to be unlucky as their predecessor, there have been mounted a fountain that functioned more than 70 years.
In commemoration of Piotr Stolypin, who was assassinated in Kiev in 1911, the monument was put in front of the City Duma and stood till 1918.
The square has changed many names during the Soviet time. After the WWII, when the ruined square bore the name of Mikhail Kalinin, a huge construction started on the main Khreschatyk Street. In the aftermath there were erected most of the buildings forming the current architectural look of the square. In 1971 it was already the October Revolution Square when the old fountain was replaced by a new one – the Fountain of Friendship of People, with 1000 streams. It has survived till the newest reconstruction in 2001 when the square has already been named Maydan Nezalezhnosti. The new name to the square was given upon accession to independence in 1991. The reconstruction of 2001 brought the modern and recognizable appearance to the square. Monument for Lenin was liquidated. Many fountains and new monuments appeared, among which are those to the Independence, the legendary founders of Kiev, Cossack Mamay and Kiev patron St.Michael the Archangel. Various architectural details continue emerging on the main square of the country till nowadays, and it is worthily considered to be the most beautiful highlight of the modern capital. The square is a popular place among Kiev residents and visitors.
 
 
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Hello Irina!! I apologize for taking so long to write you with my thanks & gratitude for the most flawless, amazing, wonderful trip throughout Ukraine. I have told everyone how beautiful Ukraine is & how tourist friendly
complete with the hotel & restaurant infra-structure needed for a comfortable journey. But I mostly tell them about the best travel agency experience I have ever had from plans without a problem, to guides & drivers of high professional standards who were incredibly flexible & became our
friends, to you who always responded within days to any inquiry with details & patience plus, once we were in Ukraine, checked in with our progress daily to make sure your "American ladies" were well cared for. We were!!

We will never forget all the people that helped us with this family quest & travel adventure. Our guide in Lviv stayed up all night checking with friends about Jewish history in the area so she could add sites of interest to us in addition to all the other historical places. We learned about things together & we cried together when we left. That is the type of person who works with Unipress. But most especially you, Dima, Toly, & Eugene have a place in our hearts. Our invitation for any of you to visit us in America
is sincere. It would be a joy to spend time with any of you giving back just a little of what we received. Please say hello to them & send our good will the next time you see or speak to them.

I think you already know that we recommend you highly & will be glad to sing your earned praise to anyone who will listen. I hope all is going well for you.

Fondly,

Ellen, USA

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